Time for some Martial Arts Theory

http://www.aikiweb.com/forums/showthread.php?t=19809&page=2

This one is specifically a forum discussion on aikido. Some of the vocabulary is pretty specific to the style, so if you are outside of aikido training or unknown to Japanese terms, it may be difficult to parse.

My comment on the overall conversation stream there is this:

Boxing was not the attack aikido was constructed from aiki jutsu to counter. It was dagger thrusts and slashes, sword strikes that aikijutsu was designed to upset, unbalance, disarm, counter, and defend against using throws, joint locks, which forced disarms and prevented the maximum cutting damage of a blade at the optimum cutting length by entering into the range of the foe, into close range. Close range is about half a forearm away from wrestling hugging range.

Chinese heavy mud and glue methods of attaching arms to an opponent’s arms to slow down their combo strikes are seen in White Crane, Wing Chun, and other hybrid or internal martial art styles. This stops a boxer’s combos cold, because it prevents the gyroscopic torso twist from removing the arm, by adding your body weight to his arms. This not only interrupts the combo, it also predicts his next hit by using physical sensation, not eye sight. It also allows you to follow his strike back, engaging him at too close a range for boxing strikes.

Aikido focuses on doujutsu, or rather eye techniques. Visual acuity: visually acquiring the threat and focusing on a specific counter movement to a specific spot that will stop the momentum. This is more useful for melee combat, at extended sword and staff and spear ranges. That is because if you are unarmed against a melee weapon using individual, you will have to match your timing to his decision to move. If you try to move towards him and he just falls back and slashes at you, you are in lethal range of his weapon but he is outside the range of your arms and legs. Thus the dou jutsu is designed to wait for the right moment to move in and counter strike, to disarm the weapon by using a joint lock or throw. This is generally used by samurai clans in battles who have lost their weapons, need time to draw a dagger or secondary weapon, or are too close to a foe to use their melee weapons so they switch to using unarmed techniques to create an edge.

The rolling you see in the videos are designed as a defense and salvation method in war. Because the problem is that other samurai clans also use aiki jutsu and so people are training to counter the same techniques they use to attack with. Modern aikido sometimes have lost the point of these training methods. The methods were passed down, but not necessarily the contextual understanding.

A lot of these techniques are designed to open up a space for the drawing of the tanto, dagger, wakizashi companion short short, to disembowel the foe. It wasn’t originally a “throw” or rather that wasn’t the necessary priority component. When Aikijutsu became Aikido, the techniques of battle became the Way of Aiki, and people disarmed themselves and were now no longer able to legally practice with weapons even in dojos under the US GHQ post WW2; they had to simulate it. Aiki jutsu were supplementary techniques taught to samurai, and samurai always wore at least two weapons, the katana long sword and the wakizashi short sword, on the left side, drawn with the right hand (left handed people like Miyamoto Musashi still had to use their right hands).

Take this example and try to visualize what it would look like if both users had swords or melee weapons in their hands.

It’s a link from the first page of the aikido forum. One last clarification: the members of the Aiki web or those in the videos are by no wise incompetent. The purpose of analyzing the weaknesses of training methods and styles is to breakdown and deconstruct the historical and contextual background and usage of methods and styles. Analyzing and breaking down humans, is part of anatomy and threat neutralization instead.

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