Legend of the Galactic Heroes: Ongoing Comments
I’m almost to the end of this wonderful and magnificent series on human nature, warfare, politics, and the conflict between military rule and civilian rule.
A person will learn more from this series than they would from viewing the media reports of a conflict like Iraq or WWII, not just if they saw the media reports one time, but a million times.
You come across fascinating topics that make you really attempt to decipher the Gordian Knot between the fact that liberty and democracy must have a military to protect it, yet the military must and also will often be sacrificed for the benefits of the civilian leadership in control. The military exists to protect democracy and to obey the political leaders appointed over them by the people, from which all power rests. Yet if the military is the ultimate defender of the lives of the people, if not their liberties under democracy, how should the military tolerate actions by the political leadership to sacrifice and destroy military power? That will not only inconvenience and destroy the military, but it will weaken democracy and strip the protection away from the people. yet the military cannot go up against the civilian architecture in a coup detat without also destroying the liberty of the people via martial law and military dictatorship.
Then there is the topic of Reinhard and how the best system of governance for making drastic changes is with a charismatic and talented leader in an autocracy. Many people in democracies pretend to be against autocrats and dictators, but what they are really against is corruption, inefficiency, and weakness. When a person of charismatic ability and intent arises, people will flock to his banners, especially in democracies that are morally decadent and suffering from lack of faith and virtue. Thus it is often a paradox of both the military and the democracies they protect that their eternal enemies are often themselves and each other.
The two topics of worth here is the worth and value of a democracy as opposed to a republic and now vis a vis autocracy. A democracy, as is practiced by most of the world’s Western democracies and some Eastern ones as well, is the rule of the minority over the majority via majority rules. It works like this. If 51% of a population, in gross aggregate as proportioned via Ministeries and MPs in Parliaments, can decide for the rest of the 100% what needs to be done, then one must ask who decides for the 51% how they shall act? The answer is 26 percent of the total population, essentially 51% of that 51%. But once again, we have to ask who controls the decisions of that 26% of a democracy’s population? And the answer is 14% of the population. So on we go, for as human hierarchy dictates, there will always be a boss and there will always be people above in the hierarchy that numbers less than those that sit upon a lesser rank in the hierarchy. Eventually, depending on certain factors, you can often get as few as 1% or 5% or 10% of the total population controlling the other 100% through something as simple as majority rules. A republic is a different form of democracy, a form that detests majority rules and acknowledges the idiocy of the population and how easily they are manipulated and prodded like sheep. A republic then excludes majority rule from much, but not all, of its processes. A republic sets in safeguards that prevents majority rules by creating a balance of power, where a super majority must reign supreme in order to dictate to the rest of the population on key fundamental matters. If, instead of 51% of a population, you need 66% support from all the population, you have now increased the risk and difficulty for aristocrats to rise up over the population of a Republic. Now instead of 51% of a 51%, you have 66% of a 66%. The decay is incredibly slowed statistically.
But it doesn’t end there. A republic picks the 2 out of 3 number precisely because a triangle is very stable. A dual monarchy can rule well over a limited territory, so long as the monarchs are in agreement over duties proportioned. However, we cannot assume such an agreement will ever take place, and often they will not or they will collude together to enforce their wills on their enemies and opponents. This would be the death of most democracies, yet a Republic refuses to bow down to such human circumstances. When most people would seek to ignore such human flaws, however, a true Republic seeks to capitalize upon just such flaws. They neither seek to eradicate such flaws nor do they seek to punish people in order to force them into the mold of a “perfect society”. What a Republic does is to constantly use human nature, meaning human corruption and selfishness, to hobble corruption and selfishness that, when unrestrained, would end liberty, democracy, and the republic.
A simple use of the equilateral triangle is all that is necessary to accomplish such lofty goals. When you require a super majority, a 2/3rds of the political body to agree, what you create are essentially 3 different factions. The middle, Centralists or Moderates, the Zealots of Policy 1 and the Zealots of Policy 2. The Zealots will use fire and energy to pursue their own particular political alliance or brand of philosophy, buffered from each other by the Moderates. The Zealots, thus, must now ally themselves with the Moderates in the middle, who partake of no particular brand of philosophy for they are mercenaries that may be bought by anything that appeals to their self-interest or economic ambition. In doing so and in requiring Zealots of all political philosophies in a Republic to seek the approval of the Moderates, we create a power balance between 3 factions that will then eat up the energy that would otherwise be used to control 100% of the body politic through manipulation of 51% of its members.
Not only is this triangular balance of powers created amongst the population and their votes, but it is also created in the bone and marrow of the government and Constitution of the Republic. The entire edifice of government is now constructed solely on the assumption that people will manipulate others and attempt to bring down the Republic through petty ambitions and greed. Thus numerous safeguards are put in place, which allows several to fail yet the Republic to continue to stand.